En empirisk studie om olika hedgefondstrategier och deras påverkan på avkastning
Hedge fundStrategyMarket indexYieldRiskCorrelationHedgefondStrategiMarknadsindexAvkastningRiskKorrelation
Investment in hedge funds is a relatively new phenomenon for investors compared with other forms of savings. In recent years, the interest has increased among investors in investing their money in hedge funds, given the protection against declines in the market they are aiming for. Their main purpose is to generate a high return at a low risk regardless of market trends. This they can achieve by having fewer restrictions that offer more flexible investment strategies and freer investment opportunities.The purpose of this paper is to identify how the selected hedge fund strategies have performed during the recent economic downturn. We also want to clarify the claim that hedge funds exhibit a positive absolute return regardless of what the market is performing.In order to answer the purpose of the essay and its problems, we have used a quantitative method with a deductive approach in the processing of data. Our observations are thus linked to the theory in order to examine the relationships. We have analyzed our results using various financial and statistical measures. A comparison has been made between the different strategies' performance against each other and against a market index during a five year period, which includes the recent financial crisis in 2008. We have also studied the hedge funds in terms of returns, various risk measures, performance measures, correlation and regression. The statistical measurements have been used to comprehensively examine the study's credibility.We came to the conclusion that all hedge funds are not able to generate positive absolute returns, but it is of importance which strategy to investigate. Our examination showed that the market depending hedge funds had a strong correlation with the market. Thus, they failed to perform as well as the other strategies, which had a minor connection to the market during the period of study.