Att arbeta laborativt
Ett arbete om laborativt material riktat till addition
Abstract The purpose of this degree project is to examine what impact working with physical objects has on children?s learning process concerning addition. We want to explore what addition strategies can be exercised using the game ?Twice as much?. We have observed children in school year 1. To get a good insight in which addition strategies the children chose we used so called participating observations. With the game the children practice addition, subtraction and to double numbers. The children could use dried beans as physical objects. To sum up what we have seen that you can, through working with physical objects, create a learning environment so that the children give each other positive or negative reinforcement, the children converse/interact with the pedagogue and the other children, which gives the pedagogue the chance to observe the children?s learning process and development from a cognitive perspective. Learning by seeing and learning by doing (see page 11) work well in combination with laboratory material. The results show that many addition strategies were used in the game ?Twice as much?. The most widely used strategies were finger counting, finger numbers and by starting with the largest number.