Projektledning inom mjukvaruutveckling
En studie om betydelsen av teknisk kompetens utifrån projektmedarbetares perspektiv
More than half of the implemented IT-projects go over budget, deadline or simply fail. The processes in an IT-project requires technical competence to be present among the project participants to ensure the achievement of business goals and to make organisations competitive. The success of an IT-project largely depends on the project manager which makes it interesting to further investigate what impact the project manager?s technical competence has on the project. Previous research shows differing opinions whether technical competence is considered important for the project manager to be successful or not. In this study we focused on this question from project participators perspective. We have investigated this by a qualitative study that employed semi-structured interviews. Five interviews was done with as many respondents, were all respondents had participated in software development projects. The results of the study shows that it is not the project manager's responsibility to neither discuss, nor perform, technical tasks. The project manager?s responsibility is to push the project forward, by organizing and planning the project together with motivating the participants to work towards the goal. Technical competence can however be an efficient resource for the project manager. The study shows that it is easier to communicate with technical project participants by possessing technical competence. Moreover, the study concludes that the constellation of the project may alter the significance of technical competence for the project manager. A project consisting of junior project participants tends to be is in more need of a technical competent project manager than a project consisting of senior project participants.